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On July 7, 1953, General Mark W. Clark, Commander-in-Chief of UNC, Sign Marshall Kim Il Sung, Commander-in-Chief of the Korean People`s Army, and Peng Teh-Huai, Commander of the Chinese People`s Volunteers. The preamble states that the aim of the ceasefire is “to ensure a complete cessation of hostilities and all acts of armed violence in Korea until a final peace settlement is reached… He added that “the conditions and conditions [of the ceasefire] must be exclusively military and relate exclusively to the belligerents in Korea.” Paragraph 60 of the agreement provided that “military commanders of both parties recommend to the governments of the countries concerned of both parties to… there is a political conference at a higher level on both sides… Paragraph 62 stated that the ceasefire “would remain in effect until the express response.” . Providing an appropriate agreement for a peaceful political settlement between the two parties. 44 One of the important and problematic points of the negotiations was the return of war capture (POW). [22] The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war. [9] PvA, KPA and UNC were unable to agree on a return system because many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North,[23] which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans. [24] In the final ceasefire agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a return commission of the Neutral Nations, chaired by Indian General K. S.

Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue. [25] 30 The United States has begun bilateral negotiations with states that have joined armed forces and, in some cases, states that have provided other forms of assistance. In most of these agreements, the United States referred to itself as “executive agent of the United Nations armed forces in Korea.” See agreements with South Africa.B, 3 U.S.T. 3990, Netherlands, n. to 3987, Belgium, id. 2829, Sweden, id. to 1209, and Norway, id. in 1903. The Korean ceasefire agreement, both in form and substance, closely follows the model of a general ceasefire agreement under customary international law. It is between military commanders and its main intention is to end all hostilities between the belligerents51 The main feature of a general ceasefire agreement under customary international law is that it does not end the state of war.52 Most authorities have concluded that this general rule applies to the Korean ceasefire agreement , which explicitly plans to pursue it. until it is replaced by an appropriate political agreement. 53 The continuing state of war at the border and the resurgence of many minor armed hostilities reinforce this view.

Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats of atomic attacks helped, until July 1953, all parties involved in the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed. The ceasefire signed on 27 July established a committee of representatives of neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. Eventually, it was decided that prisoners of war could choose their one-year destiny – stay where they were, or return home. A new border has been drawn between North and South Korea, giving additional territory to South Korea and demilitarizing the area between the two nations. The war claimed the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese, as well as more than 50,000 Americans. It had been a frustrating war for the Americans, accustomed to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also did not understand why the United States had not extended the war to China or had used its nuclear arsenal. However, as government officials were well aware, such actions would probably have triggered the Third World War. In 1952, the United States elected a new president, Dwight D.